Seattle City of Seven Hills: In the late 1800’s real estate developers decided to make Seattle be the city of seven hills similar to Rome and there have been varying theories through out the years ever since as to what are those seven hills? The fact of the matter is Seattle is full of hills and slopes and steep bluffs, so picking just seven will always be a challenge.
We can probably all agree that Queen Anne Hill, Capitol Hill, and First Hill surely qualify, but Magnolia is pretty high up there, too, and no one ever mentions Maple Leaf which to me is very high… The debate will go on, but one of those hills is lost forever: Denny Hill. In 1900, the city decided to basically eliminate a whole hill which covered 62 city blocks. They did it in two parts, but literally razed the hill.
This can not be good environmentally, I am thinking and I have to wonder what the area North of Pine Street would look like with a big hill covering it…. Today it is part of Old Belltown and South of the Space Needle. The landscape would be quite different if the hill was still around! Here is a view towards Downtown from the South slope of Denny Hill in 1886 (photo courtesy of Seattle Municipal Archives Item # 2869):
Denny Hill height: Look how high that hill must have been! The removed over 6 million cubic yards of earth to get rid of it!
According to NWDA:
“Before the regrade, Second Avenue rose 190 feet in the twelve blocks between Pioneer Square and Lenora Avenue, causing traffic and transportation problems in the area. The project began by flattening First Avenue between Pine Street and Denny Way. “
190 feet???? So Denny Park would have been pretty high and full of Puget Sound and mountain views back then, but instead is a flat park with huge sweeping views of nothing. One man wants to change that: Denny Park plan to restore the view given to Seattle’s first park back to the citizens. It is a little nuts, but he does have a point.
What the heck was the city of Seattle doing? It was apparently a infrastructure nightmare to have this beautiful hill smack dab in the middle of the city so they just got rid of it and dumped the dirt into Elliot Bay or used it to fill in the soggy streets of Downtown Seattle. Wow.
Denny Hill would have sloped right down North practically to the Space Needle if it were still here and might not make the needle rise up so obviously although the space needle height is a little over 600 feet.
The Denny Hill regrade was done in two phases. I found a really cool before and after shot from the second phase which then adds the Space Needle after that to give you an idea. I am still amazed that they would knock Denny Hill down. It was so beautiful!
Besides the fact that the city’s first park was basically lowered to flat acerage with no view, one of the truly most amazing things to me about the city’s decision to raze Denny Hill was the loss of Denny Hotel (later called Washington Hotel). Theodore Roosevelt slept in this hotel and they knocked it down to lower the hill.
This picture shows what was left of Denny Hill at the beginning of the second phase of the regrade in 1928 then after the regrade in 1936 and then again after the addition of the Space Needle to Seattle’s skyline in 1964 (Picture Courtesy of Seattle Municipal Archives item # 28958).
So I went to the SDOT site and found a list of highest elevations in Seattle:
“NAVD88 stands for North American Vertical Datum
High Point above sea level, 6 parcels south of watertower at 35th Ave SW and SW Myrtle Street – 520 feet – NAVD88
Near Bitter Lake, on N 145th St just east of Greenwood Ave – 493 feet – NAVD88
NE 92nd ST and Roosevelt Way NE – 466 feet – NAVD88
Queen Anne Hill, at First Ave N and Lee Street – 456 feet – NAVD88
Highest point in Volunteer Park – 453 feet – NAVD88″
This list is interesting to me – Queen Anne and Capitol Hill seem to dominate here, but I was definitely right about Maple Leaf – it is in there! Let us know if you are interested in learning more about a particular Seattle neighborhood history!